Diarrhea Causes & Treatments

Issues with the digestive system are something everyone has been faced with at some point in their lives. It is quite common and can be caused by a wide range of issues related to our intake of food and water.
At times, Diarrhea can be quite serious. It is the second leading cause of mortality in children under the age of 5 globally- according to the World Health Organization.
Diarrhea is characterized by loose and watery stools that are a cause of the digestive system’s inability to absorb water properly. This can be accompanied by pain, gas, bloody stools, abdominal pain and the most critical of all-dehydration.
It is important to recognize the symptoms of Diarrhea early on and tackle them effectively.

Diarrhea causes

Diarrhea Causes with their Treatment

Common causes and treatments are listed below.

Gastroenteritis:

One of the most common causes of Diarrhea is the condition known as Gastroenteritis. This is due to the infection of the intestines due to either a virus or some bacteria. The infection is transmitted by water that has been contaminated by stool or directly from another infected patient.

Treatment:

Preventive measures include safe food handling and access to clean potable water. Upon the onset of severe gastroenteritis, it can be treated with a course of antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin.

Food Poisoning:

Food poisoning is a result of the consumption of spoilt food. Symptoms of this include cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, loss of appetite and headaches.

Treatment:

Most cases of food poisoning are resolved by themselves in 2 days. However, it is important to stay hydrated and consume oral rehydration tablets that have electrolytes.

Colitis:

Colitis is a disease that affects the digestive system. It results in the inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. There are various kinds of colitis. Tenderness in the abdomen, fatigue, pain, rapid weight loss and Diarrhea are all symptoms of a mild form of colitis.

Treatment:

Enterogermina is used to create a healthy balance of microbes in the gut. The anti-diarrheal probiotic can be prescribed either as capsules or as an oral suspension.

Amebiasis:

Amebiasis is a parasitic infection that is distinguished by the symptoms that appear almost four weeks after the onset of the disease. These symptoms at the initial stages include abdominal cramps and loose stools.

Treatment:

The infection can be treated with antibiotics like Tindamax.

Giardiasis:

Giardiasis caused by the parasite Giardia lamblia is an infection of the small intestine. This is contacted by the consumption of contaminated food or water. The parasite can thrive outside the host body for a long period, and it is important to avoid personal touch with any affected patients. A common symptom of the disease is Diarrhea.

Treatment:

A course of the antibiotic Metronidazole helps to treat the disease.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a long term condition associated with the large intestine. Symptoms include bouts of Diarrhea or constipation, cramps, bloating, abdominal pain and flatulence. Increased sensitivity of the gut causes it.

Treatment:

IBS can be managed by avoiding foods that trigger the symptoms and altering the fibre in one’s diet.

Food Intolerance:

Lactose intolerance is the result of the digestive system’s inability to break down lactose in the body. Symptoms comprise of bloating, cramps, Diarrhea and nausea upon the consumption of foods rich in lactose.

Treatment:

Over-the-counter lactase enzymes can help battle the condition. Apart from that, the best cure is to refrain from eating dairy products.

Allergies:

Food allergies are a result of the body’s immune system reacting abnormally to something that has been ingested. Individuals can be allergic to peanuts, milk, eggs, shellfish and soy to name a few allergens. Symptoms include- but are not limited to- Diarrhea, swelling, itchy eyes, constriction of the windpipe and sneezing.

Treatment:

Swelling and breathing restrictions can be treated with anaphylaxis. Diarrhea can be treated with the tablet Loperamide.

Premenstrual syndrome:

Premenstrual syndrome is a condition that affects women right before the onset of their menstrual period. This can sometimes be characterised by sore breasts, bloating, acne and Diarrhea.

Treatment:

Drinking fluids can help to ease the discomfort that accompanies PMS. A caffeine free diet can help to battle mild cases of Diarrhea.

E.Coli Infections:

E.Coli Infections in the intestine are caused by contaminated food and water. This normally resolves within a few days. However, serious cases of the infection should be treated by a medical practitioner.
Symptoms include Diarrhea, pain the abdomen, loss of appetite, and fever.

Treatment:

The infection can usually be treated by drinking plenty of water and resting. Dehydration- if it cannot be handled- can be treated by administering intravenous fluids.

Patients with severe cases of Diarrhea need to be hospitalised. It can result in dehydration if left untreated- which can be fatal. Chronic Diarrhea should not be ignored as it can be a symptom of other latent medical conditions.

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